Friday, October 12, 2007

Benefits of Organic Food and Organic Farming

What is organic food

Organic food are food derived from crops and vegetables which are grown without chemical pesticides and herbicides, artificial fertilizers. In most cases, use of human waste and sewage sludge is also not allowed. They are not allowed to include food additives or subject to ionizing radiation.

For meat, it means the animals from which they are derived are reared without antibiotic or growth hormones.

Many countries also exclude genetically modified food as organic food. Organic food are of course grown by organic farming which, among others, also uses natural ways of pests control.

Harmful pesticides and herbicides can directly affect the health of human who uses the pesticides and indirectly via the food chain. Some harmful pesticides can end up in the fish that we eat for example.

Although we are talking about organic food from the health point of view, it also has great relevance to the well being of our environment, which can indirectly affect our health. Organic farming is more environmentally friendly because they do not release artificial and harmful pesticides into the environment, more conducive to sustaining diverse ecosystems, uses less energy and produce less waste such as packaging materials for artificial fertilizers and pesticides. Organic farming also cause less or no damage to the soil in which they are grown in, in contrast to conventional farming. In fact, some says it helps build up good soil. Nitrates and phosphates in artificial fertilizers also percolates into the rivers, lakes and sea and can cause algae blooms and eutrophication (aging) of lakes.



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